Title- The Three Essence of Buddha Sasana Teachings (Part-2)



The Teachings of the Buddha to get out of the round of rebirth sufferings is called “Sasana”. The Essence of that Sasana is Sila, Samadhi and Panna (Morality, Concentration & Knowledge).




Explanation of Samadhi




(1)    The Meaning of Samadhi-In the Essence of Buddha Sasana Teachings, Samadhi is of the Essence. Samadhi is the mind concentration on an object, being steady in mind. Not wandering about many objects, but well stationing at a single object is its meaning.




(2)    Kinds of Samadhi-There are many kinds of Samadhi mentioned in Visuddhimagga, the Path of Purification:

☸ Hina samadhi = low or base concentration

☸ Majjhima samadhi = undeveloped, intermediate concentration

☸ Panita samadhi = well developed, noble concentration, etc.




(3)    How to Establish Samadhi Concentration-Samadhi is not an imagination, it is not merely a verbal action; it is a practical practice. Only when either samatha or vipassana is practically developed Samadhi concentration can be attained. In 40 Samatha Practices, if one concentrates on earth kasina, intense mental concentration, one should keep on contemplating continuously ‘pathavi pathavi, earth earth’ in the mind. This is how to catch it. Even though mind is running here and there at the beginning, after practicing days and months with mindfulness and diligence it will station on the pathavi kasina. Then, he will not hear the sounds in the surrounding, even though he may hear these will not be clear to him, he will not notice anything at all; the mind contemplating ‘earth earth’ ‘pathavi pathvi’ will establish steadfastly on earth kasina. Such kind of mind is called Samadhi Concentration. For those who do Anapana, mind not wander around and stable at air touching place only (nostrils) is also called getting concentration. Moreover, one can establish Vipassana Samadhi (also called Khanica Samadhi) if one wishes to contemplate one of the objects of Vipassana Insight. A yogi may get backache while contemplating Vipassana Insight. He may contemplate on his “aching aching”; the mind will not wander to other objects of itching, hearing, but he will understand the only aching object. He knows when vedana sensation begins; he knows it also vanishes; he knows it increases, decreases and neither increases nor decreases. The only concentration on the aching sensation is called “Samadhi”. The practice with ability to attain such a state of contemplation is called “able to establish concentration”.




(4)    The Power of Samadhi Concentration-The power of concentration is great. Nibbana cannot be attained by merely praying. We must practice till we attain Samadhi Concentration.





The Buddha said:

Bhikkhus, develop Samadhi Concentration. The bhikkhu who attains Samadhi Concentration does realize:



☸ This is Dukkha Suffering

☸ This is the Cause of Dukkha Suffering

☸ This is the Cessation of Dukkha Suffering, Nibbana

☸ This is the Practice leading to the Cessation of Dukkha Suffering, Nibbana


{Samyutta Pali, Sacca Samyutta, Samadhi Vagga, Samadhi Sutta}



Moreover the Buddha said:



“If the bhikkhu develops Samadhi Concentration again and again, he can live happily in the present life; he can get Dibbacakkhu, divine eye; he can get mindfulness; he can get sampajanna, clarity of consciousness, clear comprehension; all kilesa asava, defilements can be exhausted and such benefit can be attained”.

Thus the Buddha delivered the Power and the Benefit of Samadhi.

{Anguttara, Catukka Nipata, Rohitassa Vagga, Samadhibhavana Sutta}



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