Upekkha is equanimity or even-mindedness on all beings. (In Abhidhamma texts, upekkha is referred to as tatramajjhattata-cetasika).
Upekkha is unlike loving-kindness, for there is no love involved; it is unlike compassion, for there is no pity involved; it is also unlike anger, for there is no hatred or malice involved. It dwells on the fact that kamma brings about good or bad consequences accordingly. The theme of upekkha is kammassaka: One’s own kamma is one’s own property.
But today we often use this word upekkha concerning naughty children or pupils. That means, people remain indifferent to the welfare of their children or pupils whether they behave well or not. It amounts to sheer neglect of duties. The upekkha on someone else should be put as the last priority only when we are incapable to interfere or already tried our best for someone else but couldn’t help. In the case of upekkha, the persons concerned are taken into consideration with an unbiased mind free from extremes of love and hate. Upekkha can occur in the mind of ordinary people. But jhana-upekkha can be attained only after the mastery of the three fore-runners, namely, metta, karuna and mudita.
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Title- 14 Wholesome Mental Factors That Influence The Mind (Kusala Cetasikas)
Title- 14 Unwholesome Mental Factors That Influence The Mind (Akusala Cetasikas)